Ultimate guide to Pitta dosha and how to balance it!

Your skin is red and inflamed with acne or rashes. You have been taking medication for a long time but nothing seems to work. You are angry and irritable most of the time.

Your stomach burns and your body temperature is always high. You have tried various diets but nothing seems to ease your troubles. If the answer to most of these statements is a yes, you certainly are a pitta dosha type.

If you are reading about your dosha, chances are you know or have already heard about Ayurveda. But before we go further, we will talk about the basics of Ayurveda and what dosha is.

Ayurveda is a 5000-year-old science that talks about bodies and constitution. According to it, our bodies are made up of five elements namely, water, fire, earth, air and ether.

The combination of these 5 elements gives rise to three different body types, Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These body types are your basic inherent constitution.

Body types or doshas as in Ayurveda, are a group of energies that define the personality of a person. At any given time or moment a person has one dominant and two passive doshas.

The ideal human state is having all three doshas in perfect balance. In reality, based on our environment, genetics, food habits and emotional state, one dosha is prominent. This dosha determines your personality, your life and your predisposition to diseases.

Based on your dosha, you can even take decisions that matter in your life. You can create the healthiest and emotionally best version of yourself.

What is Pitta dosha?

Pitta is the combination of two elements of Ayurveda, fire and water. The fire element is more dominant than water. 

Fire gives rise to transformation and pitta is the fiery force in the body that governs transformation in the body. 

This governs all the heat-related function s in the body including, digestion, metabolism, hormonal balance, liver health, acidity regulation and skin health. 

The fire in your belly that is used to digest food is the main characteristic of pitta. Any variation in that can cause the entire digestive system to go haywire. 

In Ayurveda, stomach or digestion is the root cause of most of the ailment and illnesses. Healthy Pitta is extremely powerful and can give a prolonged and healthy life. 

How to know if your dominant dosha is Pitta dosha?

Emotional characteristics

If you are data-driven, highly logical and have no issues decoding a pie chart, you certainly are a pitta.

Pitta dosha types are the most logical and rational people in the group. They are governed by fiery qualities which make them excellent leaders.

They are sharp, clear, organised and have a sharp long-term memory.

Pitta people are not superficial. They don’t spend a lot of time thinking. They are more action-oriented and set targets very often. Their eye for detail is impeccable.

They don’t spend a lot of time thinking about the future. They live in the present and try to solve the problem one step at a time. 

They are subject matter experts and love going deep into a subject and teaching people about it.

They are very good decision-makers and people often look up to them for good advice.

They are highly competitive and make very good sportspeople.

Physical Characteristics

Pitta people can be tall or average and have an athletic built. They are strong and muscular because of good metabolism. 

They have fine hair and have a tendency for premature hair greying. They have a sharp and penetrating gaze.

When in balance their skin is healthy and glowing. When out of balance their skin is oily, greasy and prone to flare-ups. 

They have abundant energy and have an active lifestyle.

Pitta strengths

Pitta people have a logic-driven approach and break a task into smaller parts to approach it more effectively. This quality makes them indispensable leaders in organisations.

They are very sharp, intelligent and don’t hesitate from rolling up their sleeves if the need be. They are very structured and their approach is very organised. 

Pitta people are go-getters and get the work done.

Pitta Weakness

When out of balance, pitta people can become workaholics. They suffer from short-temper and might get involved in road rages. 

When angry they have a sharp tongue which often offends their family members or co-workers. 

They tend to get argumentative about the subjects they don’t understand and try to understand the world only from a practical and data-driven approach. They tend toward atheism.

They might suffer from a superiority complex. They don’t think highly of their co-workers and have a know-it-all attitude. They might even make get condescending and sarcastic when things don’t work according to them.

They tend to get agitated and cranky if they miss a meal.

Pitta colours

Because of their fiery nature, pitta people should tend towards more soothing and cooling colours like whites, blues, greys. They also appreciate pastel colours and shades of pink and green.

Pitta Fragrances

Pitta people should tend towards cooling fragrances like rose, rosemary, eucalyptus, peppermint, lemon. Fennel and sandalwood are also great choices for pitta dosha type people.

How to balance Pitta dosha?

When Pitta goes out of balance, your digestive system becomes toxic. You get frequent acid refluxes and flare-ups.

You tend to become angry and irritated. When out of balance you are prone to diseases like hyperacidity, acne, rashes, auto-immune diseases or cancer.

Pitta can go out of balance due to any one of these reasons. If you have been dealing with a lot of stress lately, or have been eating a lot of hot/spicy food, spending a lot of time in the hot sun,  all these factors can aggravate Pitta.

If you have been noticing these signs lately, chances are you have an unbalanced Pitta. An unbalanced Pitta can also be diagnosed if you suddenly have flare-ups of eczema, acne or any other skin rashes

Balancing Pitta at an early stage is not very difficult. Learn to listen to your body. These simple steps can bring your Pitta back to balance.

Diet for Pitta dosha

In Ayurveda, food is considered as medicine. A proper understanding of what causes imbalances and not eating incompatible foods is the first step to stop the imbalance. It has the power to reset the body and balance doshas. Since Pitta people are prone to acidity and burning, it is important for them to eat a lot of cooling and soothing foods.

Pitta people should favour cool, raw and dry food like salads and fruits instead of oily, fried and spicy food.

Eating too much oily and spicy food can aggravate Pitta and cause a lot of digestive issues.

Favour sweet, bitter and astringent foods. The sweet flavour is very good for Pitta when taken in fewer quantities. 

Eat naturally sweet fruits, vegetables and sweeteners like jaggery instead of processed food with tons of sugar.

Fruits like melons, grapes, pineapples, pomegranates, melons, kiwis. Limit your intake of oranges. 

Eat cooling vegetables like cucumber, potatoes, asparagus, bottle gourd, pumpkin etc.

Avoid eating paprika, a lot of tomatoes, beets or radishes.

Limit your intake of pickles and yoghurt.

Eat overnight soaked nuts to pacify pitta. Soaked nuts possess beneficial oils without pitta aggravating heat. 

Dairy can be used to cool down pitta. Buttermilk or cold milk are two great options to pacify pitta. 

Choose spices like cardamom, fennel, coriander and parsley over herbs like ginger, garlic and cinnamon which are hot and acidic.

Breathing exercises for pitta dosha

Cooling breathing exercises or pranayama like Sitali, which translates into cooling/soothing.

Roll your tongue and with mouth open inhale. Inhalation will be through your mouth. Hold your breath for a few seconds and exhale with your left nostril. You can see the exact technique to do Sitali pranayama here.

Spend time in nature

This should be followed by everyone but it is especially beneficial for pitta dosha dominant people. Waking up early and walking in dewy grass can dramatically reduce pitta in the body.

Spend at least 10 mins every day to connect with nature and observe little things that make this universe magical. This will calm down your over-analytical brain.

Daily massage

Since pitta is a fiery force, a daily massage with coconut is very beneficial due to its cooling nature.  

Do this every day for 10 mins before bathing. Rub your body to release excess pitta through your skin. This will prevent flareups in the long run. 

Exercise for balancing pitta dosha

Pitta people have a lot of energy and can indulge in athletics or demanding sports like sprint racing, cross-fit, martial arts, ashtanga yoga etc. These people should avoid working their core when they have rashes or episodes of acidity. 

Meditation for balancing pitta dosha

Since pitta dosha is controlling, balancing it with surrender is ideal. A self-affirmation mantra “ I surrender to the higher power” will help pacify excess pitta in the body. Sitting in the lotus position in silence for 10 mins every day can also help soothe pitta. 

Maintain a daily gratitude journal and write down a few good things about the day. This will help you appreciate the beauty of life and allow surrender.


Panchakarma or a five-step Ayurvedic detox is the most potent way to balance your doshas. Get in touch with an Ayurvedic doctor or do a home-based panchakarma to get your doshas in check. It clears all the toxins and negative energies from the body and rejuvenates it.

A person with a balanced doshas has clear glowing skin and a strong mind. These few simple steps can be included in your life to eliminate excess Pitta. 

Learn to surrender and start believing in the power of your own body rather than the numbers on the reports. Your body ahs a healing mechanism. All you need to do is trust and love yourself unconditionally. 

Accept the things the way they are. Do not try to control every outcome. Be like fire, burn the negatives and light the world with your positives.

pitta dosha balancing 

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